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Germany To Close All Coal Power Plants To Help 'Climate Protection'

Chancellor Angela Merkel's government has agreed that Germany is officially committed to ending its dependency on coal.

"The coal exit is a central pillar of global climate protection," German Environment Minister Svenja Schulze told the Funke Media Group of newspapers in New York ahead of Monday's UN climate summit.

A set of resolutions agreed to by Chancellor Angela Merkel's coalition government showed that Germany was "officially" committed to ending its dependency on coal, the minister added.

"With that, we can finally also join the alliance of coal-exit countries," Schulze said.

German Chancellor Angela Merkel attends a press conference following a cabinet meeting on climate. Photo: AAP

The Powering Past Coal Alliance, founded in 2017, comprises of 30 national governments and has also attracted support from regional governments and industry.

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Members of the alliance are committed to stopping the construction of new coal plants, halting international funding for coal, setting a target date for their own coal exit and sticking to the goals set out in the Paris climate accord.

A mine near Cologne. Photo: AAP

In her view, the group's goal shows that coal-powered electricity is becoming a thing of the past in various countries around the world.

"When a big industrial country like Germany turns away from nuclear and coal and transitions step-by-step towards meeting its energy needs entirely with renewable energies, that sends a strong signal to other parts of the world," Schulze said.

Anti-coal protesters attend the 'Red-Line-Action' within the 'Ende Gelaende' protest initiative in the Rhenish coal mining area in Manheim, Germany.  Photo: AAP

Germany aims to close down all its coal-powered plants by 2038 at the latest. They have a collective production capacity of 42.5 gigawatts. By 2030, they should be producing no more than 17 gigawatts.