Jakarta Is Sinking So Indonesia Is Moving Its Capital City
Indonesia's capital city Jakarta is sinking at an alarming rate, so the Government is jumping ship.
The decision to move the capital was made by the country's President Joko Widodo, the Indonesian planning minister announced on Monday.
“The president chose to relocate the capital city to outside of Java, an important decision,” Minister Bambang Brodjonegoro told a news conference after a cabinet meeting.
Jakarta is one of the fastest sinking cities in the world, according to the World Economic Forum.
About 30 million people live in the Greater Jakarta area, and the over-extraction of groundwater has worsened the sinking problem.
North Jakarta has sunk 2.5 metres in 10 years, and if it continues at this rate, 95 percent of this area will be under water by 2050.
For a region that is already prone to flooding, rising sea levels could have a detrimental effect on the wider region.
Brodjonegoro also said the move would help spread concentration of Indonesia's population and economic activity outside of Jakarta.
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Throughout Widodo's recent presidential campaign, he promised Indonesia's economic development would be spread throughout the country.
"We want to think in a visionary way for the progress of this country and moving the capital requires thorough and detailed preparation,” Widodo said of the proposed move on Monday.
A place for the relocation has yet to be decided, although is expected to be on the eastern side of the archipelago and the whole process is expected to take at least 10 years.