Music To Die For: How Genre Can Determine A Musician's Lifespan
A musician's genre can determine when they'll meet their mortality.
These are the names of just some of the artists who have died well before their time as a result of suicide, drug overdoses or being murdered.
It's a long list in the space of two years.
However devastating it is, it's not abnormal or new to see a young musician's life suddenly cut short. Just look at Janis Joplin, Jimi Hendrix, Jim Morrison, Sid Vicious, The Notorious B.I.G., Tupac Shakur, Kurt Cobain and Amy Winehouse -- all artists who dominate various decades who each passed away prematurely.
Are troubled souls simply more likely to drift towards this career path? One academic sought to find out.
Dr Dianna Kenny, Professor of Psychology and Music at the University of Sydney, studied this phenomenon using a sample size of 13,000 deceased artists.
Not only did the 2015 study show that popular musicians tend to die up to 25 years younger than the average person and have higher rates of suicide, homicide and accidental deaths -- it also found that the genre of music an artist identities with is a massive factor when it comes to how they could meet their demise.
For example, while murder accounted for just six percent of all deaths across the entire sample, more than 50 percent of hip-hop and rap musicians in her sample had died as a result of murder.
“This could be due to these genres’ strong associations with drug-related crime and gang culture," Kenny wrote.
“People who go into rap music or hip hop or punk, they’re in a much more occupational hazard profession compared to war," Kenny said.
"We don’t lose half our army in a battle.”
This glaring statistic hasn't gone unnoticed.
In the wake of the shooting death of Nipsey Hussle, the rap community has reached a breaking point, with fans and artists alike begging their peers to stop the violence and rightfully declaring that there had already been far too many senseless losses.
While the study seemed to indicate rap and hip-hop artists have the lowest risk of heart disease and cancer, Kenny says that this is a result of these artists "have not yet lived long enough to fall into the highest-risk ages for heart and liver-related illnesses.
Consequently, they had the lowest rates of death in these categories."
As for other genres, there were interesting patterns found among the causes of death for metal, rock and punk musicians.
Nineteen percent of deceased metal musicians took their own lives, as did 11 percent of deceased punks, which is huge when compared with the Gospel musicians who had the lowest suicide rate at just 0.9 percent.
“Perhaps protected by their religious beliefs,” Kenny explained.
“I have long speculated that genres, like heavy metal, are manifestations of band members’ psychological states, which express their rage, impotence and despair, and provide a medium through which vulnerable musicians can project these feelings onto receptive audiences and detractors alike," Kenny wrote in her book.
She goes on to explain that there's a combination of factors generally present in the music industry, such as "the ubiquitous presence of alcohol and other substances of addiction, irregular hours, touring, high levels of stress, performance anxiety," Kenny said.
For those who experienced trauma throughout their lives, the glamourisation of the "sex, drugs, rock'n'roll" mentality can see young artists turn to promiscuity, dangerous behaviour and substance abuse to deal with their suffering.
Sadly, it looks like the old adage "live fast, die young" does ring true after all.